Community Acquired Infection

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 45--50

An epidemiological study of health-care-associated infections and their antimicrobial sensitivity pattern in the Al-Qassim region of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


Sanjay Kumar Gupta, Fahd Khaleefah Al Khaleefah, Ibrahim Saifi Al Harbi 
 Infection Prevention and control Department, Al Rass General Hospital, Al Qassim, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sanjay Kumar Gupta
Al Rass General Hospital, Al Qassim
Saudi Arabia

Background: In the USA, up to 2 million health-care-associated infections (HAIs) per year are reported, of which 80,000 are lethal. Materials and Methods: This was a hospital-based observational (retrospective) study. Results: Hospital-wide rate of HAI ranges from 0.35 to 1.96 per thousand patients per day. The most common organism observed in the last 5 years is Acenatobacter (88 [27%]) followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (73 [22%]). Significant cases in these 5 years were reported from Intensive Care Unit (157 [48%]) followed by medical wards (males and females) (106 [32%]). The common site reported in the present study is catheter-associated urinary tract infection which was significantly higher (CA-UTI) (152 [46%]) followed by ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) (66 [20%]). The common organisms reported to cause UTI are P. aeruginosa (22%) followed by Escherichia coli (19%), and the most common microbial agent associated with VAP is Acenatobacter baumannii (48 [72%]) which was found to be significantly higher. The antibiogram of microorganism responsible for HAI was observed, and 56% isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii were sensitive to aztreonam followed by imipenem 54%, ceftazidime 47%, and amikacin 36%. Another common organism reported was P. aeruginosa, and the majority of isolates of this were sensitive to imipenem 79% followed by amikacin 68%, ceftazidime 53%, aztreonam, and ciprofloxacin 49% and least sensitive to meropenem 9%. Most of the Klebsiella pneumoniae strains during the same period were found to be sensitive to imipenem 94% followed by piperacillin/tazobactam 71%, amikacin 69%, cefepime 59%, and ceftriaxone 56% and least sensitive to nitrofurantoin 11% only. Conclusion: HAI is a big threat for patients' safety and prolongs patients' stay and cost of health care, so effective utilization of hospital data is crucial for prevention and control.


How to cite this article:
Gupta SK, Al Khaleefah FK, Al Harbi IS. An epidemiological study of health-care-associated infections and their antimicrobial sensitivity pattern in the Al-Qassim region of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.Community Acquir Infect 2017;4:45-50


How to cite this URL:
Gupta SK, Al Khaleefah FK, Al Harbi IS. An epidemiological study of health-care-associated infections and their antimicrobial sensitivity pattern in the Al-Qassim region of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Community Acquir Infect [serial online] 2017 [cited 2022 Aug 13 ];4:45-50
Available from: http://www.caijournal.com/article.asp?issn=2225-6482;year=2017;volume=4;issue=3;spage=45;epage=50;aulast=Gupta;type=0