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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 32-37

Respiratory viruses and severe community-acquired pneumonia

Department of Medicine, University San Sebastian, Patagonia, Puerto Montt, Chile

Correspondence Address:
Raúl Riquelme Oyarzun
University San Sebastian, Patagonia, Puerto Montt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/cai.cai_9_17

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Community-acquired pneumonia remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Streptococcus pneumoniae is recognized the main pathogen related to pneumonia in all site of care. However, recent advances in molecular techniques have led to recognized that respiratory viruses are a common and important cause of severe CAP. Also, in the last 10 years new respiratory viruses are recognized as potential infectious agents in pneumonia. Recent studies show that in approximately 10 to 40% of pneumonia cases are involved viral pathogens being influenza virus the most common respiratory virus. A better knowledge of the role of respiratory viruses especially in cases of severe pneumonia may lead to better management of this population. This review aimed to describe the main respiratory viruses involved in severe pneumonia, specially focus in the clinical presentation, diagnosis, therapy and outcomes.

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