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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 129-134

Bronchiectasis in rare pulmonary diseases: A case series

1 Respiratory Diseases Unit, Hospital of Sestri Levante, Sestri Levante, Italy
2 Department of Pneumology, Hospital Clínic, CIBERES, IDIBAPS, Barcelona, Spain

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Antonello Nicolini
Respiratory Diseases Unit, Hospital of Sestri Levante, Sestri Levante
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2225-6482.198500

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Bronchiectasis, defined as permanent dilatation of the airways, usually causes chronic cough and sputum production with intermittent bacterial exacerbations. Bronchiectasis can have a severe impact on quality of life for many patients due to these symptoms. Establishing the cause of bronchiectasis may be difficult. Even with exhaustive clinical, laboratory, and pathologic testing, up to 50-80% of cases of bronchiectasis may still be idiopathic. Congenital bronchiectasis is much rarer than previously considered. A variety of respiratory and systemic diseases such as autoimmune or rheumatologic diseases may be complicated by pathological bronchial dilatation, and therefore various medical specialists will be dealing with the condition in one-way or another. Some bowel diseases are associated with a variety of systemic manifestations including large and small airway involvement: One of the most commonly associated airway diseases is bronchiectasis. On this regard, we report five patients with bronchiectasis and rare diseases admitted to our hospitals since 2012. Patients were recruited over a period of 36 months after opening a bronchiectasis outpatient clinic.

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