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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 16-23

Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in oncological setting with use of newer vascular endothelial growth factor receptor inhibitor

1 Department of Medical Oncology, Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Jammu and Kashmir, India
2 Department of Prosthodonsia, Government Dental College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Correspondence Address:
Javvid Muzamil
Married Hostel Room Number F16, Department of Medical Oncology, Sher I Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar - 190 011, Jammu and Kashmir
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2225-6482.179232

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Background: Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in neutropenic patients. Microbiological and serological tests are of limited value. The diagnosis should be considered in neutropenic patients with fever not responding to antibiotics, and typical findings on thoracic computed tomography scan. Whenever possible, diagnosis should be confirmed by tissue examination. Newer serological techniques like ß-D-Glucan Assay and Galactomannan assay are used in diagnosis and monitoring therapy in such patients. Aim: To early diagnose Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis and to decrease mortality. Methods: A total of 150 patients of hemato-oncological malignancies were prospectively enrolled intostudy. Results: Only 10 (6.6 %) patients developed invasive pulmonary aspergillosis and mortality was 30%.Patients were treated medically with never azoles and echinocandin antifungals, with long term survival in seven patients and early mortality in rest of patients. Conclusion: IPA is a difficult infection to treat in immucompromised state. It needs very high degree of suspicion to diagnose. Sick patients should be treated with combination antifungal of different mechanisms at outset and therapy should be continued for six months.

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