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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 44-52

Community-acquired viral pneumonia in human immunodeficiency virus infected patients

1 Department of Pneumology, Clinical Thoracic Institut, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, University of Barcelona, August Pi i Sunyer Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBAPS), Center for Biomedical Research Network for Respiratory Diseases (CIBERES), Spain
2 Faculty of Medicine, Autonomous University of Nayarit, Mexico

Correspondence Address:
Antoni Torres
Department of Respiratory Disease, Institut Clínic del Tórax, Hospital Clinic i Provincial de Barcelona, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, Ciber de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Calle Villarroel 170 08036, Barcelona
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2225-6482.147652

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Respiratory viruses (RV) have become an important cause of community-acquired pneumonia in immunocompromised patients with the highest rates of morbidity and mortality. The advances in molecular diagnostic methods have increased our understanding of the role of viruses in pneumonia. However, little is known about their impact on patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. In this review, we focus on the most prevalent RV that has been implicated in viral respiratory infections, particularly in pneumonia in HIV infected patients. We discuss the epidemiologic characteristics and clinical presentations of these viral infections and the most appropriate diagnostic approaches and therapies if available.

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